install / setup ubuntu [ubuntu]

maybe also have a look here:
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2014/01/23/grub2-automatic-boot-windows-ubuntulinux/
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2013/08/18/browser-addons/

use gnome as standart:
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell -y #requests for user input
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop -y

or if you like to try other desktop system:
sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop # or
sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop # or
sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop # etc

enable dash to dock:
https://extensions.gnome.org/extension/307/dash-to-dock/

enable create files from rightclick-menue:
open terminal
cd
cd ./Vorlagen/
touch sh.sh
touch txt.txt

install docky:
sudo apt-get install docky -y
start docky
create new dock and move it to the right
delete old dock from the bottom
settings:
move away from active window

maybe try:
https://repogen.simplylinux.ch/ #sourcelist generator

optimierungswerkzeug:
erweiterungen->windowlist
erweiterungen->dash to dock->settings->grundeinstellungen->anwendungsbasiertes intelligentes verstecken
arbeitsoberfläche->symbole auf arbeitsoberfläche
arbeitsoberfläche->symbole auf arbeitsfläche -&gt ;pos1,papierkorb,eingebundene datenträger
fenster->knöpfe der titelleiste->maximieren, minimieren

deactivate ubuntu dash online spy:
system settings->security and privacy->search->deactivate "include online search results"

update, upgrade repositorys:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y

remove not used packages, dependencies, system-configs:
sudo apt-get --purge autoremove program-name

change window position:
ctrl+alt+arrow_right(numpad):move window to the right
ctrl+alt+arrow_left(numpad):move window to the left
ctrl+alt+arrow_down(numpad):move window to the bottom
ctrl+alt+arrow_up(numpad):move window to the top
ctrl+alt+5(numpad):move window to the middle

minimize all windows:
ctrl+win+d

minimize windows when clicking on program-button in unity:
dconf write /org/compiz/profiles/unity/plugins/unityshell/launcher-minimize-window true

deactivate minimize window .. again:
dconf write /org/compiz/profiles/unity/plugins/unityshell/launcher-minimize-window false

add a new user:
top right->”benutzerkonten”->”entsperren”->+ und den account nutzen
(so hat der aktive account nicht alle rechte)

change user:
su user

release upgrade(mostly breaks the system):
sudo do-release-upgrade -p 

change between german and english language:
win + spacebar

remote connect to another ssh server:
ssh pi@192.168.1.xx -p 22
if error:
Host key verification failed.
then:
rm -f ~/.ssh/known_hosts

often used programs also avaliable from Ubuntu Software-Center:

sudo apt-get install -y asunder #cd ripper
sudo apt-get install -y audacity
sudo apt-get install -y avidemux
sudo apt-get install -y blender
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/05/03/install-latest-blender-and-create-launcher-ubuntu/
sudo apt-get install -y cameramonitor
sudo apt-get install -y cheese webcam booth
sudo apt-get install -y chromium-browser
sudo apt-get install -y clipit
sudo apt-get install -y dia
sudo apt-get install -y diffuse
sudo apt-get install -y doublecmd-common doublecmd-gtk doublecmd-plugins #(doublecommander does not work on 64bit)
sudo apt-get install -y electrum
sudo apt-get install -y figlet
sudo apt-get install -y filezilla
sudo apt-get install -y firefox #(firefoxsync)
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/04/01/add-search-engines-in-firefox-ubuntu/
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2013/08/18/browser-addons/
sudo apt-get install -y freemat
sudo apt-get install -y freemind
sudo apt-get install -y gcalculator
sudo apt-get install -y gimp
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2014/01/23/gimp-windowsubuntu/
apt-get install -y git-core #use git
sudo apt-get install -y gparted
sudo apt-get install -y gstreamer1.0-libav #for some streams in browser
sudo apt-get install -y gufw #firewall
sudo apt-get install -y htop #terminal program for running processes
sudo apt-get install -y icedtea-7-plugin
sudo apt-get install -y imagewriter
sudo apt-get install -y idjc #internet dj console
sudo apt-get install -y keepass2
sudo apt-get install kodi #previous xbmc media center
( read kodi log: less $HOME/.kodi/temp/kodi.log )
sudo apt-get install -y krusader
sudo apt-get install -y latexila
sudo apt-get install -y libreoffice
sudo apt-get install -y maxima
sudo apt-get install -y mumble
sudo apt-get install -y mumble-server
sudo apt-get install -y nautilus-dropbox
sudo apt-get install -y octave
sudo apt-get install -y openjdk-7-jre
sudo apt-get install -y openshot #video editor
sudo apt-get install -y opera
sudo apt-get install -y p7zip
sudo apt-get install -y playonlinux
sudo apt-get install -y psensor
sudo apt-get install -y putty
sudo apt-get install -y qbittorrent
sudo apt-get install -y qmmp #winamp clone
sudo apt-get install -y qmpdclient
sudo apt-get install -y qtoctave
sudo apt-get install -y radiotray
sudo apt-get install -y recordmydesktop
sudo apt-get install -y shutter
sudo apt-get install -y ssvnc
sudo apt-get install -y sweet home 3d
sudo apt-get install -y unrar-free
sudo apt-get install -y virtualbox
sudo apt-get install -y virtualbox-4.3 #virtualbox (https://www.virtualbox.org/)
sudo apt-get install -y vlc
sudo apt-get install -y vokoscreen
sudo apt-get install -y wine #needs accept with ok (do with arrow right enter)
unity webapps (wordpress, google calendar)
sudo apt-get install -y xbmc

often used other resources:
—-latest blender version—-
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/05/03/install-latest-blender-and-create-launcher-ubuntu/
—-latest gimp version—-
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gimp

remove latest gimp:
sudo apt-get remove gimp
sudo add-apt-repository --remove ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp

—-gimp-plugins—-
lot of pre-defined image filters and effects (http://gmic.eu/gimp.shtml):
sudo apt-get install gimp-gmic
(get the functions in filter -> g’mic)
for video editing:
sudo apt-get install gimp-gap
settings in gimp:
Fenster -> Einzelfenstermodus
—-lightshot—-
https://app.prntscr.com/en/wine-lightshot.html
—-notepadqq( notpadplusplus clone)—-
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:notepadqq-team/notepadqq
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install notepadqq

remove notepadqq:
sudo apt-get remove notepadqq
sudo add-apt-repository --remove ppa:notepadqq-team/notepadqq

—-syncthing—-
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/03/23/setup-syncthing-raspberrypiwindowsandroidubuntu/

not often used other resources:
—-freecad—-
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:freecad-maintainers/freecad-stable -y
sudo apt update && sudo apt install freecad

free model library:
https://github.com/FreeCAD/FreeCAD-library
to remove it:
sudo apt purge freecad
sudo add-apt-repository --remove ppa:freecad-maintainers/freecad-stable

—-octave—-
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/03/07/install-and-start-octave-with-gui-in-ubuntu-ubuntu/
—-makehuman—-
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/05/15/install-makehuman-ubuntu/
—-quiterss—-
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:quiterss/quiterss
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install quiterss

to remove it:
sudo apt-get remove quiterss
sudo add-apt-repository --remove ppa:quiterss/quiterss

—-singularity/firestorm—-
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/04/29/install-firestorm-ubuntu/
—-skype—-
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/05/15/install-and-remove-skype-ubuntu/
—-speed dreams—-
(http://www.playdeb.net/software/Speed%20Dreams)
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.getdeb.net/ubuntu trusty-getdeb games"
wget -q -O- http://archive.getdeb.net/getdeb-archive.key | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install speed-dreams -y
#takes some time..

remove speed dreams:
sudo apt-get autoremove --purge speed-dreams -y
sudo rm -r .speed-dreams-*

—-Weather Indicator & Desktop Widget—-
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao -y
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install my-weather-indicator -y

—-supertuxkart—-
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/05/03/install-supertuxkart-0-9-ubuntu/
—-GfxTablet—-
https://github.com/rfc2822/GfxTablet

c#and other languages:monoDevelop/Csharp/ apt-get install mono-mcs
->dmcs..instead of gmcs

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