linux desktop operating systems images [debian, ubuntu]

pro linux:
*hopefully no spy like prism (google and microsoft work together with prism)
*free,fast
*fast install and update (windows takes forever to download an update, and it takes forever to install it when you shutdown pc)
*usefull progressbar (windows progressbar shows no percentage, you do not get very much informations)
*hassle free install of a program, simply type: sudo apt install application_name (also installs all dependencies, no missing dll-files or net-version)
*you can fix bugs yourself cause it is opensource (no need to deal with updates that breaks everything again..)
*no bad company behind it (all done by a community)
*support for a very long time also for old pcs
*learn new things
*less security problems (do not need to buy a security software)
*you can tweak it a lot so it fits your needs
*there are lot of different linux distributions:
http://distrowatch.com/
http://archiveos.org/
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Linux_Distribution_Timeline.svg

http://distro.ibiblio.org/

http://www.linux.com/directory/Distributions/desktop
http://www.linux.com/directory/Distributions/livecd
http://www.linux.com/directory/Distributions/security-enhanced

debian:
+most other distributions are based on debian (reliable)
+truely opensource and free
+stable
-not always the latest version of free software
-not every wirlesscard is supported by default (maybe have to install some software alone)
https://www.debian.org/CD/http-ftp/index.de.html

ubuntu(based on debian):
+big company behind it -> will not be gone in some time (reliable)
+easy install
+supports most wireless cards out of the box
+easy install of the latest versions of a program (ubuntu ppa’s)
+lot of tutorials for ubuntu
https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop
make ubuntu look like a mac:
http://www.noobslab.com/2015/11/macbuntu-1510-transformation-pack-for.html

linux mint (based on ubuntu, which is based on debian):
https://www.linuxmint.com/download.php

gentoo:
https://www.gentoo.org/

centos:
https://www.centos.org/

linux mint(based on ubuntu):
http://linuxmint.com

arch:
https://www.archlinux.org/

raspbian x86:
http://downloads.raspberrypi.org/pixel_x86/images/pixel_x86-2016-12-13/2016-12-13-pixel-x86-jessie.iso
https://downloads.raspberrypi.org/pixel_x86/images/pixel_x86-2016-12-13/2016-12-13-pixel-x86-jessie.iso.torrent

manjaro(based on arch):
http://manjaro.github.io/download/

fedora (based on the company “red hat”):
*mostly used in usa
https://getfedora.org/de/

elementaryos(based on ubuntu):
http://elementary.io/

freebsd:
http://www.freebsd.org

q4os(based on debian)
windows xp look like linux
http://www.q4os.org/downloads2.html

solydxk (windows clone)
http://solydxk.com

zorinOS: (windows clone)
http://zorinos.com/download.html

ReactOS:
https://www.reactos.org/download

bodhilinux
http://www.bodhilinux.com/

SystemRescueCd (bootable CD-ROM for repairing your system):
http://www.sysresccd.org/Download

prrescue0.47
http://prrescue.prnet.org/index.php/Main_Page

tails
https://tails.boum.org/download/index.en.html

opensuse(mostly used in germany?):
https://www.opensuse.org/

endlessos(for offline work):
https://torrents.endlessm.com/torrents/eos-amd64-amd64-base-3.1.1-full.torrent

https://subgraph.com/sgos/download/index.en.html
http://www.linuxfromscratch.org

or maybe try ukui: (looks similar to win 7)
http://www.ukui.org/ukui.html

usb stick images:
lernstick based on debian:
http://imedias.fhnw-ph.ch/themen/lernstick/downloads.cfm
system recue:
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2016/03/16/install-system-rescue-cd-on-usb-stick-debian/
ubuntu mate:
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/12/22/install-ubuntu-mate-on-usb-stick-debian/
gparted live:
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/12/22/install-gparted-live-on-usbstick-with-tuxboot-debian/
multiboot usb stick clonezilla, ubuntu:
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/12/22/create-a-multiboot-usb-stick-with-ubuntu-15-10-clonezilla-multibootsystemrescuecd-debian/
https://fredfire1.wordpress.com/2015/12/21/install-and-useage-unetbootin-debian/

contra linux / pro windows:
*if you are a gamer some games might not work or not work that good on linux
*most people are familar with windows apple or android cause it is mostly the default system if you buy hardware but you can use q4os (that has a windows xp look) or macbuntu that has a mac look
*most people have to deal already with windows at work
* mostly customers of software use windows

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